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Infertility Affects Both Men and Women

Couple embracing.

Although you may think of infertility as mainly a woman’s issue, both women and men share equally in conditions that can make it more difficult to get pregnant. 

A look at the data might surprise you. About one-third of infertility results from women's challenges; another third from men’s. The remaining cases are a mix of issues or circumstances that may never be completely understood.

Both Partners Should be Evaluated

If you are having trouble getting pregnant both partners may benefit from an evaluation by a fertility specialist.
To get to the root of the problem, doctors will carefully evaluate your health and medical history. A variety of tests, including blood tests, ultrasound, or genetic screening, can help identify why conception may be taking longer than you had hoped. 

Female Infertility

Female infertility can be caused by a variety of issues, including:

  • Ovulation problems
  • Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
  • Advanced maternal age

Male Infertility

In men, doctors usually begin by testing the semen, looking at the number, shape, and movement of the sperm. Other causes of male infertility include:

  • Varicocele, an abnormal dilation of veins within the scrotum
  • Obstruction
  • Medications
  • Hormone abnormalities
  • Ejaculation problems

Men may be at an increased risk of fertility issues if they have a history of smoking, excessive drug or alcohol use, injury to the reproductive organs, or exposure to environmental toxins such as lead and pesticides.

Treatment for Infertility

Depending on the outcome of testing, various treatment options ranging from lifestyle modification to IVF may be available to you.  Whether to pursue fertility treatment is sometimes a very difficult decision and many factors come in to play, such as cost, side effects and success rates when making this decision.  Talking with your provider can help you decide which treatment option is best for you. 

Penn Fertility Care – Lancaster General Health

At Penn Fertility Care – Lancaster General Health, we will work together to address your concerns with sensitivity, and suggest options to help you best achieve your goals.

To learn more about our fertility services, visit at, or call 717-544-0107.

author name

Alisha Pinkerton, MPAS, PA-C

Alisha Pinkerton, MPAS, PA-C, is a certified physician assistant at Penn Fertility Care – Lancaster General Health, Lancaster General Health Physicians. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Pittsburgh and her Master of Physician Assistant Studies from Chatham College. Alisha has practiced in both infertility and OB-GYN, and is dedicated to providing compassionate care to her patients.

Call: 717-544-0107

About LG Health Hub

The LG Health Hub features breaking medical news and straightforward advice to help individuals of all ages make healthy choices and reach their wellness goals. The blog puts articles by trusted Lancaster General Health clinical experts, good 'n healthy recipes, videos, patient stories, and health risk assessments at your fingertips.


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