We recommend the following screenings for women at average risk for breast cancer:
Breast self-awareness: We encourage you to develop a general awareness of how your breasts look and feel, and to report any changes to your doctor. Changes could include a new lump or mass, skin dimpling, swelling, redness, or abnormal nipple discharge.
Clinical breast exams: A breast exam by a doctor or other qualified health care provider.
Mammography: An x-ray procedure used to detect breast changes. While it can't prevent breast cancer, it can reduce the risk of dying from the disease.
Advanced Breast Screenings
If you have known genetic mutations like BRCA1 and BRCA2, both of which are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, or you have a history of radiation therapy to the chest, talk with your doctor about earlier and more intensive types of screening.
Genetic counseling: If you’re at a higher risk for developing breast cancer, you may want to speak with a genetic counselor about your preventive care options.
Breast imaging: Breast imaging includes mammography, ultrasonography and breast MRI.
Breast biopsy: During a breast biopsy, a radiologist or surgeon samples a portion of the high-risk tissue in your breast so they can further test for cancer.
Breast MRI: MRI can be used if you have a hereditary risk of breast cancer, or if you have dense breasts or scar tissue. Breast imaging is also helpful in determining the extent, size and distribution of newly diagnosed breast cancer.